Other Common Cyber-Threats
Catfishing – creating a fake identity or account on a social networking service to trick people into sharing their personal information or into believing they are talking to a real person behind a legitimate account.
Spyware – when someone offers you something for “free” over email, but in reality they are installing malware onto your computer. It usually occurs in the form of downloading and steals your information by viewing the websites you visit, the programs you use, and any other information they can steal like passwords and personal information.
Social Engineering – when someone tricks you into giving out confidential information. Usually compromising the security of data or giving access to your network. An example of this is someone posing as a technician and pretending to work on your network but in reality they are installing spyware or other malware to access personal/sensitive data.
Identity Theft – when one illegally assumes someone’s identity to gain access to that person’s personal information, most likely someone’s finances to frame them for a crime. This is usually completed via a phishing email. (see phishing email).
Hacking – when you or someone accesses another person’s computer without their permission. This usually occurs when someone plans to steal information, tamper data or send out spam.
Ways our Computers Prevents Phishing Attacks
Luckily our email systems use practices to help prevent phishing attacks and other hacks. Three of the techniques they use are:
Encryption – the process of translating an email message into hidden form using a secret formula or algorithm.
Two-step verification – a security process where logging into a service requires two separate steps such as a password and a one-time code. For example, you may have to enter your password and then enter a code that was texted to your phone or a code from an app.
Email Spam Filters – our email servers automatically recognize some messages as fraudulent and spam emails and place them in a “junk-box” for review prior to opening.